What is the verb form of “CC”? Would you say “I CC’d everyone” or “I CC’ed” everyone? The internet has brought about a whole slew of new words, and today, we’ll get to the bottom of this one.
Cc’d or cc’ed?
There are no rules! You can say either CC’d or CC’ed. Because this is a new verb, there is no official way to write it.
CC stands for “Carbon Copy”
CC is an acronym meaning “Carbon Copy”. This is a common phrase, often used to describe when something is a replica of something else.
For example, if I’m talking about a reality show, I might say “Sally is a carbon copy of Bethany from last year”. In the past, it was common for people to carbon copy their emails, meaning they would send the same email to multiple people.
A carbon copy cannot have even the slightest difference, even the commas need to be in the same place in each copy.
Examples of CC’d
“The most amazing thing about these stories – apart from the fact they are still going, is that they act like people are cc’d into high level trade talks.”
“I really don’t like when there’s an argument in the email chain & I suddenly get CC’d in. Please don’t include me in the discourse.”
“I don’t understand why am I UNNECESSARILY cc’d on emails every single day”
“Thank you for the compliments. I’m just trying my best (also my boss was cc’d, and she also got that email, so I was concerned I was going to get fired)”
Examples of CC’ed
“Omg my boss was CC’ed. I don’t know what to do”
“I accidentally cc’ed on an email about a month ago. I ignored it, but yesterday the replies started coming in, fast and furious.”
“A link to the recipe will be emailed with file to all emailed cc’ed on the RecipeBlog App”
“Just cc’ed my parents in the same email… they’re divorced”
“Been cc’ed on almost every email in this ridiculously long thread and now my boss has just forwarded every email in that thread to me. Why did she do that?!?!”
“Usually he’s nice, so I don’t know why he did it, but he’s getting Cc’ed on all his emails”
Other ways to turn CC into a past tense verb
As well as “d” vs “ed”, there are also a few other ways to turn “CC” into a past tense verb.
For example, some people might capitalize the letters, while others don’t. This means “cc” and “CC” are both acceptable.
What goes between the CC and the “d” or “ed” is also up to your personal preference. You could use nothing (CCd).
Or you could use an apostrophe (cc’d). This is the most common choice, as it is a contraction.
In some cases, you might even find people using a dash (cc-ed).
Which one you prefer is up to you.
Why CC as a verb has no rules
Usually on Grammarhow, we talk about the “right way” to write certain words. But today, we’ve basically told you there are no rules and you can do what you like. But why is this?
Most of the words we use have evolved over time, and English officials have decided on the correct past tense forms of most verbs. However, because the abbreviation of CC only came about with the advent of the email, there has not yet been enough time to establish a traditional way of writing it.
Who knows though, maybe in the future, officials will decide that CC’ed is the official way of writing it.
Origins of “Carbon Copy”
Even though the acronym “CC” is relatively new, the term “Carbon Copy” is much older than computers. That term actually comes from way back in the day, when people worked on typewriters. They were like computers, but they worked by letters at the end of sticks hitting a piece of paper.
If you wanted to write the same document several times, you could use a piece of carbon paper. Back before copy and paste was a thing, using carbon paper was an excellent way to save the time it would have taken to write the same thing multiple times.
Hopefully, this has answered your question. If you wondered whether you should say “CC’d” or “CC’ed”, the answer is simply that it doesn’t matter.
Sometimes, English doesn’t have rules. With phrases as new as “CC”, there hasn’t been enough time to establish an official way of doing it yet.
You may also like: “Copy On” vs. “Copy In” An Email – Easy Preposition Guide
Martin is the founder of Grammarhow.com. With top grades in English and teaching experience at university level, he is on a mission to share all of his knowledge about the English language. Having written thousands of articles, he is an expert at explaining difficult topics in a simple language.
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