List of 99 Words That Are Both Nouns and Adjectives

Some words in English can be both adjectives and nouns. This page contains a list of 99 adjectives that are also nouns and explains how it is possible for them to be both nouns and adjectives.

Which Words Can Be Both Nouns and Adjectives?

Words like “weak”, “week”, and “alert” are both nouns and adjectives. E.g. “She is alert/We received an alert” Words like “chicken” that modify a noun, as in “chicken soup”, or words like “the wealthy” or “the poor” cannot be nouns and adjectives.

Words That are Both Nouns and Adjectives

The types of words that CANNOT be nouns and adjectives are “attributive nouns” and “nominal adjectives.”

For example:

  • Chicken stew – Attributive noun
  • Plastic gloves – Attributive noun
  • The poor – Nominal adjective
  • The wealthy – Nominal adjective

The types of words that can be adjectives and nouns are “homonyms” and “heteronyms”, which are words that are written alike but have different sounds and meanings, or words that are written the same but have different pronunciations and meanings.

For example:

  • Content – Adj – To be satisfied
  • Content – Noun – What is contained within something, such as a book.
  • Tart – Adj – Sour
  • Tart – Noun – A type of flan or pie, usually sweet.

Here is a printable PDF list of common words that can be nouns and adjectives:

  1. Abstract
  2. Alert
  3. Antique
  4. Average
  5. Back
  6. Base
  7. Best
  8. Better
  9. Brief
  10. Chief
  11. Classic
  12. Clear
  13. Close
  14. Cold
  15. Compact
  16. Complex
  17. Content
  18. Cool
  19. Cooler
  20. Dear
  21. Deep
  22. Down
  23. Evil
  24. Expert
  25. Fair
  26. Fake
  27. Fancy
  28. Fast
  29. Fat
  30. Female
  31. Few
  32. Fine
  33. Firm
  34. First
  35. Flat
  36. Fleet
  37. Good
  38. Grave
  39. Green
  40. Gross
  41. Half
  42. High
  43. Hollow
  44. Hurt
  45. Ideal
  46. Ill
  47. Intent
  48. Invalid
  49. Joint
  50. Juvenile
  51. Key
  52. Kind
  53. Last
  54. Left
  55. Light
  56. Lighter
  57. Limp
  58. Liquid
  59. Major
  60. Male
  61. Mean
  62. Minute
  63. Novel
  64. Number
  65. Orange
  66. Oval
  67. Phony
  68. Present
  69. Prime
  70. Prize
  71. Rank
  72. Rash
  73. Rear
  74. Right
  75. Round
  76. Safe
  77. Sage
  78. Second
  79. Set
  80. Sharp
  81. Sore
  82. Sound
  83. Spare
  84. Split
  85. Square
  86. Stable
  87. Static
  88. Still
  89. Straight
  90. Stray
  91. Suspect
  92. Tart
  93. Tender
  94. Terminal
  95. Token
  96. Total
  97. Trial
  98. Upset
  99. Well

How Can Words Be Both Nouns and Adjectives?

The types of words that can be both nouns and adjectives are “homonyms” and “heteronyms.”

“Homonyms” are words spelt and pronounced the same but that have different meanings. “Heteronyms”, on the other hand, are words that sound the same but are spelt differently.


  • Straight – A stretch of water between two land masses.
  • Straight  – Something that doesn’t have any curves or bends.
  • Rash – A type of skin infection.
  • Rash – Someone who makes decisions without thinking.


  • Week – A period of seven days.
  • Weak  – Without strength.
  • August – The eighth month of the year.
  • august – Respected and impressive.
  • Content – The information contained in a book/website/essay etc.
  • Content – To be satisfied.

Example Sentences

Here are some examples of the types of words that can be both an adjective and a noun.

Of course, there are exceptions, but on the whole, the words operating as both nouns and adjectives are “homonyms” and “heteronyms.”

Here are some examples of the words from the above section in sentences:

  • I can’t believe I survived the whole week at work.
  • After running 5km, I felt so weak I thought I would pass out.
  • His birthday is in the month of August.
  • Their behavior was not in keeping with their august status.
  • The content of the website was a little underwhelming, to say the least.
  • She felt content after she had discussed her problems.

Can a Proper Noun Be an Adjective?

Some words can be “proper nouns” and adjectives, usually because a particular style is named after a specific person or era or when specifying the nationality of something.

These types of words are known as “proper adjectives.” Examples of “proper adjectives” include “Shakespearean”, after William Shakespeare, and “Orwellian”, after the author “, George Orwell.”

Other examples of “proper nouns” include nationalities or any words that relate to a person, religion, or time period, such as “Romanesque” or “Catholic.”

Here are some examples of “proper nouns” used as adjectives:

  • The Catholic philosophy on the subject is a little outdated.
  • He conducted his marriage with almost Orwellian surveillance.
  • The Mexican culture is rich in history and heritage.
  • I wanted a Georgian house, but in the end, I bought a Victorian one.