When sending your work in to be reviewed (by a teacher or a boss, for example) do you say “Submit for Review” or “Submit to Review”? Is one of those forms better than the other? Do they have the same meaning?
Let’s find out!
“Submit for Review” is the correct form. “Submit to Review” isn’t completely incorrect, but it’s hard and difficult to use. “Submit for Review” means placing the file, or document, to be reviewed. “Submit to Review” indicates submitting those documents to a specific individual or department, to review them.
Let’s take a look at some examples, before digging deeper into an explanation:
- Henry submitted the artwork for review.
- Henry submitted the artwork to review. (incorrect)
- Henry submitted the artwork to the director for review.
The sentences in the example are each a little bit different, to adjust to the forms we want to use. The first sentence is quite simple and straight to the point. It’s also correct.
The second sentence, which replaces “Submit for Review” to “Submit to Review”, is plain wrong. This form should be avoided.
The third sentence adjusts the grammar, so the preposition “to” makes sense in the sentence: the artwork was submitted to a person (the director), who would review it.
It’s a more complicated sentence, for sure. But it also contains more specific information, which is a good thing, in many cases.
“Submit for Review” means that the document, file, or work was sent to be assessed, analyzed, and evaluated. The preposition “for” here is used to indicate the purpose of the review, and this is why “Submit for Review” makes sense.
Here are some examples of “Submit for Review” in use:
- Janet finished her schoolwork and submitted it for review.
- Quentin submitted his work for review.
- Don’t forget to submit your work for review.
- Next Saturday is the deadline to submit the essay for review.
- After submitting the outline for review, Mary began working on the next project.
When you use “Submit for Review” it’s not essential that you share who the submission was made to. That’s not the main point, and it isn’t required.
“Submit to Review” should only be used when the subject himself is being submitted to review, or when the work is being submitted to a person (who will perform the work of reviewing whatever has been submitted).
Take a look at the examples of “Submit to Review” below:
- Jack agreed to submit to the HR department’s review.
- George must agree to submit to review, or he may be fired.
- The misconduct report was submitted to the board for review.
- All documents were submitted to the underwriter for review.
- Talia finished her commission and submitted it to the client for review.
Using “Submit to Review” tends to complicate the sentence a little. Because this form brings up who the item was submitted to, it adds information to the sentence – and we, consequently, need to adjust to its content.
When trying to figure out which of the forms is used more often we found some very interesting information on a graph from Google Ngram Viewer. Check it out below:
“Submit for Review” is used more often than “Submit to Review”. This wasn’t a surprise, since “Submit to Review” has such a limited use, and applies to only a handful of situations.
The surprise was that “Submit for Review” had a peak between the mid 1960’s and mid 2000’s and then dropped.
Our guess is that after the 2000’s, people started to work more in collaboration. Also, more people decide to become entrepreneurs and do what they love, free from traditional jobs. In those contexts, the idea of submitting work for review must have become less common.
Whenever you submit anything to be reviewed, and need to share that information, use “Submit for Review”. Leave “Submit to Review” only to situations when you must include the information of who the work was submitted to. Although it isn’t an incorrect form, it has a very specific use.
Martin is the founder of Grammarhow.com. With top grades in English and teaching experience at university level, he is on a mission to share all of his knowledge about the English language. Having written thousands of articles, he is an expert at explaining difficult topics in a simple language.
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