The past tense of certain irregular verbs can be difficult to figure out for some people. The past tense of “prove” is even more challenging than usual because it gives us two options that overlap. This article will look at both options and how to use them.
Proved or Proven: Which Is Correct?
“Proved” is the only correct simple past tense form. However, both “proved” and “proven” are correct as the past participle form. We need to include an auxiliary verb when writing with a past participle to create a perfect tense (otherwise, it does not work alone).
- You proved yourself to me, my son.
- I have proved that I’m worthy of your praise.
- We have proven ourselves once again!
These are the forms we’ll be using in this article:
|Past Participle||Proved / Proven|
When Is “Proved” Correct?
“Proved” is both the simple past tense and the past participle. It is the only correct simple past tense form, while there are two options for the past participle.
“Proved” is correct on its own when used as the simple past tense. As a past participle form, we need an auxiliary verb like “have” alongside it to create one of the three perfect tenses. According to Google Ngram Viewer, “proved” is most popular.
We need to make sure we understand the perfect tense forms when using it:
- Past perfect: Had proved
- Present perfect: Have proved
- Future perfect: Will have proved
“Proved” never changes form but “have” changes based on the tense we use. “Had,” “have,” and “will have” are correct for the past, present, and future, respectively.
Example Sentences Using “Proved”
“Proved” is believed to be the slightly more common variation of the past participle of “to prove.” However, we can also use it as the simple past tense. Since there’s too much to go through in one section, we’ll split it into parts!
Simple Past Tense
- I proved myself before the king to show him that I was worth hiring.
- She proved that she meant what she said yesterday.
“Proved” can work as the simple past tense. We use this to talk about “proving” something in the past. The action has already happened, and there’s nothing more that can be done to change the outcome.
- They had proved that they would make worthy allies by the end of the battle.
- You had proved yourself to me long before you realized it.
“Had proved” works when talking about how someone “proved” themselves in the past. It generally refers to the event of “proving” happening before something else occurred in the past.
- She has proved that she is worth your time.
- I have proved that I won’t be a waste of space if you take me on!
“Have proved” works when someone starts “proving” themselves in the past and continues the action in the present. This is how the present perfect tense changes the meaning of a sentence.
- They will have proved their mettle if they can stick it out over there.
- We will have proved once and for all that we’re the better team once we beat them!
“Will have proved” works when talking about a likely outcome that will happen in the future. However, our actions in the present will have a very important role to play before making that outcome a reality.
When Is “Proven” Correct?
“Proven” is the other choice for a past participle.
“Proven” is correct with an auxiliary verb like “have.” We use it as the past participle of “to prove,” but it’s most common in American English, according to Google Ngram Viewer.
Just like “proved,” the same tense forms can be identified:
- Past perfect: Had proven
- Present perfect: Have proven
- Future perfect: Will have proven
Example sentences using “Proven”
Remember, “proven” is slightly more common to use in American English as the past participle. However, it’s still correct in both American and British, and it mostly depends on personal preference.
- I thought I had proven myself to you, but clearly I was wrong.
- You had proven yourself once before the end of times occurred.
“Had proven” works just like “had proved.”
- You have proven yourself time and time again!
- We have proven that we’re not here to take over from you, sire!
“Have proven” is synonymous with “have proved.”
- You will have proven your worth in no time, young one.
- She will have proven that she meant it before the day’s end.
“Will have proven” works as the future perfect in place of “proved.” Its meaning is identical, though.
How “Proven” can also be used as an adjective
“Proven” works as both the past participle of “to prove” and as an adjective. In fact, most people only ever use it as an adjective, and they would rather use “proved” as the past participle.
“Proven” means that someone has demonstrated something that many people desired of them. It can also refer to a tried and tested method of doing things, which many people would stick to because they know it works.
Example sentences using “Proven” as an adjective
- My proven desire to impress you is all that matters to me.
- He demonstrated a proven ability to work hard.
- I’m not yet proven, but I promise that I will be with time!
“Have Proved” Vs. “Have Proven”
Unlike most irregular past tense verbs, “to prove” comes with two interesting choices. Both of them can be considered past participles, which makes this section a little difficult to work out.
“Have proved” and “have proven” are both correct forms. We have shown you that both are common in English, as both verb forms are past participles. It’s more common to use “have proved” in British English, while “have proven” is slightly more common in American English.
Both of these examples are correct:
- You have proved yourself beyond a shadow of a doubt today.
- We have proven ourselves fit to join your cause!
“Proved” and “proven” are both correct verb forms for the present tense “to prove.” However, we typically use “proved” more often because it’s correct as both the simple past tense and the past participle. “Proven” works best in most cases as an adjective.
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