Do you ever look at a sentence with spelling errors and think to yourself that the writer needs to work on his grammar? Well, you might need to consider modifying this thought a bit because you are making a mistake here yourself. What’s that, you ask? Well, the fact that spelling errors and grammatical errors are two different concepts, for starters.
And you’ll be amazed to know that you are not the only one at fault. Many people confuse spelling errors for grammatical errors, mainly because the difference between the two isn’t too apparent in most cases. But rest assured, after reading this article, you will have all the facts that will explain to you exactly why spelling isn’t a part of grammar.
What are Spelling and Grammar?
Even though spelling and grammar are two different concepts, they have the same origin and nature. Both these are elements of writing, which include punctuations and capitalization apart from, of course, spelling and grammar.
Consider the following definitions to get a better idea of what we are discussing:
Spelling is the array of letters in a specific or predetermined order to form a logical and understandable word.
Grammar is the arrangement of words to form a logical sentence.
Components of grammar
The concept of grammar is a vast one and includes the following components under its subject:
- Active and passive voice
- Kind of speech (direct or indirect)
If you haven’t yet noticed, let me point out that the above components do not direct towards spelling’ being a part of grammar. In simpler terms, when we say that a sentence is grammatically correct, it means that the punctuation, form of the verb, the tense used, and the pronouns used all complement each other but does not imply that the sentence does not contain any spelling mistakes.
Grammatical Errors and Spelling Mistakes – Are They the Same?
Having discussed the definitions of both grammar and spelling, you must be wondering whether grammatical errors and spelling mistakes in sentences are the same or not. The answer is No! Because spelling and grammar are not interrelated, it is almost self-understood that spelling and grammatical errors are not the same as well.
Here is a comparative analysis of both spelling mistakes and grammatical errors to give you a better idea:
When we talk about spelling mistakes, there are several reasons why they occur. For example, an absence of a hyphen is termed as a spelling mistake, and so is the absence of a letter in a word. Have you been considering these as grammatical errors all your life? I’m not surprised! Using the correct spelling in the wrong place is considered a grammatical error and not a spelling mistake.
How about we discuss the two in detail to help you develop a better understanding of our point?
You know how people often use to instead of too or there instead of their? Well, that’s just what we are talking about here! Those words are most commonly misspelt in sentences that contain homophones (you know, words with the same sounds but different meanings).
For example, consider the sentence She used the wrong grammer in the sentence.’ In this sentence, the word grammar is misspelt as grammer.
Another reason words are misspelt is that the writer does not know the actual spelling and uses his own intellect to come up with a spelling of his own.
For example, absence and abcence or accommodate and accommodate and even some common words such as pronunciation and pronounciation.
Words ending with suffixes are also commonly misspelt, such as acceptable and acceptible.
Moreover, if you misread a word or mishear it, there are chances that you will end up misspelling it. The word nuisance is misspelt as noisance, and acquaintance misspelt as aquaintance is such an example.
Thus, all these misspellings are categorized as spelling mistakes and not as grammatical errors.
We all know what typos mean, don’t we? Consider yourself in a scenario where you are chatting with your friend. During the conversation, they write a sentence, I am an avrage student’ or you lokked pretty today.’ What do you consider this sentence? If you consider this sentence a grammatical mistake, then you, my friend, are wrong again!
Typos are a sort of misspellings containing dropped or doubled letters and commonly arise due to fast writing or consistent typing. And just like any other misspelling, they too are considered spelling mistakes rather than grammatical errors. So, the next time your friend types like that, try not to judge them.
When words that are not present in the dictionary but are commonly spoken in our everyday lives are used in writings, they are also regarded as spelling errors. For example, when the concept of using slang in typing was taking off, people started using words such as gonna instead of going to and lemme instead of let me in their writings; and no matter how cool yet grammatically incorrect they sound are categorized as spelling mistakes and not as grammatical errors.
The reasons for the occurrence of grammatical errors in sentences are mostly related to the components of grammar, that is, verbs, kinds of speech, punctuations, pronouns, etc.
Consider the following sentence,
My daughter eated her food after playing.’ What do you think of it? Probably that it is a spelling mistake? Wrong again. Since the incorrect word in this sentence is a verb, it will be considered a grammatical error and not a spelling mistake.
What do you think a word with a missing apostrophe is? A grammatical error or a spelling mistake? If you are thinking of the former, you are absolutely correct. Since an apostrophe is a component of grammar, an absent apostrophe or a misplaced one is considered a grammatical mistake.
For example, does’nt and doesnt are both grammatical errors.
Moreover, it is correct when an apostrophe shows a possessive noun, for example, the child’s toy. In contrast, the one used to form possessive pronouns, such as, it’s car, is considered a grammatical error.
Another form of grammatical error is the usage of the wrong tense in a sentence. And let’s admit it, this is where the majority of us lag in. Even though mistakes in tenses are disregarded during conversations, they appear prominently in written transcripts; and, when they do, are categorized as grammatical errors.
For example, the sentence I will eat fish for dinner and drank hot chocolate over it’ is grammatically incorrect.
The Final Ruling
By giving the arguments above, the verdict to the question that are spelling mistakes and grammatical errors the same?’ has been given as No! Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors are different in sentences.
Is there any relation between Spelling Mistakes and Grammatical Errors in sentences?
The answer to this frequently asked question is yes. Even though spelling mistakes and grammatical errors are different in their classification, it does not mean that they do not have any relation in sentences. Not sure what I mean by that? Take a look at these sentences given below:
- The medicines prescribed by the doctor had no affect on the patient’s health.
Even though the word affect is correctly spelt in this sentence, it is a grammatical error as it is used in place of its homophone effect.
- Our grandmother accidently entered the wrong house.
You can observe that even though the word accidentally is misspelt accidently, it does not affect the sentence’s grammatical structure.
Here comes the last one,
- I asked for my mothers advise on the matter.
As you can see, the sentence stated above contains two mistakes. Firstly, the word mothers is missing an apostrophe to depict a possessive noun, making it a grammatical error. Secondly, the word advise, despite being spelled correctly, points towards a grammatical mistake.
The sentences mentioned earlier prove our verdict to your question that is there a relation between grammatical errors and spelling mistakes in sentences.’ Thus, it has been verified that a relation between the two does exist.
Whether or not it is part of grammar, correct spellings are an important part of any language. Sometimes, if they aren’t used appropriately, they change the meaning and thus result in miscommunication and change the context of speech. Thus, a correct spelling is very important and it adds grace to a language’s impression.
Want to avoid making grammatical errors and spelling mistakes?
Well, it’s never too late to rectify your errors, especially if you are determined to. Now that you finally know that spellings are not a part of grammar and that they, unlike grammar, do not have anything to do with speaking a language, you can work on this aspect and make an effort to overcome this phase of your linguistic. And remember, practice makes a man perfect, so practice your writing and speaking skills to master the art of writing and speaking English without making any errors, neither spelling nor grammatical.
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