Making sure we use the right verb endings when using the past tense is essential to mastering the English language. Not all endings are the same, so it’s good to learn where the differences lie. In this article, we’ll look at “I have strived” and “I have striven.”
Is It “I Have Strived” Or “I Have Striven”?
“I have striven” is the correct version when you want to use the present perfect tense of the verb “to strive.” “I have strived” is a common mistake that people make because they want to regularize all verb endings in English (since most past tense verbs end with “-ed”).
For the most part, both of these versions are used interchangeably. However, if you want to be grammatically correct, you have to use “I have striven” when you’re writing in the present perfect tense.
Is “Have Strived” Or “Have Striven” Used The Most?
It will help you to understand the sayings and phrases a bit better if you can see how they’re used. We see both of them appear in literature, but only one of them is correct.
If you refer to this graph, you’ll see quite an obvious difference between the two. “Have striven” was always the most popular choice, with a huge spike in the late 1800s. As time went on, people wanted to start making all verbs end the same, which is where “have strived” comes from.
Since then, “have strived” has slowly increased in popularity, though most native writers understand that it’s incorrect and try to avoid it. Either way, it’s certainly more common than it should be, which is why it’s used interchangeably as a phrase.
What Are The Forms Of “Strive”?
It’s good to go one step further and know all the general forms of “strive.”
“Strive” is an irregular verb, meaning it doesn’t use the typical verb forms you might be used to.
- To strive (infinitive form)
- Strove (past simple)
- Striven (past participle)
- Strives (third-person singular)
- Striving (present participle)
As you can see from this list, “strive” doesn’t follow the usual rules you’d expect from regular verbs. You don’t add “-d” to the end to make it a past tense verb; instead, you replace the vowel in the middle for past simple and add an “-en” for the past participle.
If that seems confusing, it’s because it is. Unfortunately, there’s no real way to learn this without committing it to memory and storing it for when you need to use the word “strive” or any of its forms.
Is It Ever Correct To Use “Strived”?
As we’ve mentioned previously, there is no case where “strived” is correct because it isn’t an officially recognized form of “to strive.” However, that doesn’t stop it from being used.
“Strived” is an incorrect verb form that people mistake as the past participle of “to strive.” It should not be used when you want to write in a grammatically correct manner.
That being said, you can still use the word in less formal cases. Most native speakers won’t know the difference, and it’s fairly common even for native speakers to mistake the verb forms.
As we said, it’s not something you can learn through any tricks; it’s just something you have to remember about the verb “to strive.” That’s why native speakers still struggle with it too.
Examples Of How To Use “Striven” In A Sentence
Let’s go through some examples to help you understand when the word “striven” is used in a sentence. These are the best times you can use it, so we’ll include as many examples as possible.
- I have striven to achieve my goals for many years.
- I had striven to make the most of a bad situation.
- I have always striven to keep my family happy.
- I have striven to make sure I’m set up properly for the future.
- I have striven to learn more about you to understand you better.
As you can see from these examples, we almost always use “striven” in the present perfect tense. That means we need to include the auxiliary verb “have” to help us out. Without it, the sentences won’t make any sense.
Examples Of How To Use “Strived” In A Sentence
Now let’s see how we might use “strived.” We won’t include too many because it’s grammatically incorrect. Still, you might see sentences written down as follows:
- I have strived to achieve my career goals.
- I have strived to make sure you’re happy.
As you can see, in these cases, “strived” is synonymous with “striven.” For the time being, it’s incorrect, but if more people end up using it over the coming years, there’s no reason it can’t be adjusted in official language rules and be a recognized past tense form of “strive.”
What Is Another Word For Strive?
Synonyms are a great way to use words and verbs without worrying too much about the rules associated with anything you struggle with. If you’re having a hard time with “strive” and its forms, maybe one of these will help.
To aim is a great synonym and also a regular verb, making it easier to understand the tense forms.
To seek is another great synonym, but unfortunately doesn’t follow regular tense forms. For example, the past tense of “seek” is “sought.”
To attempt is the last synonym to show you. It follows regular verb rules, so it works really well if you’re struggling with “strive.”
What Does It Mean To Strive Forward?
“To strive forward” means to attempt to move forward in something. Generally, when you “strive,” you’re working towards goals of achievements in the future, which means you’re moving forward towards them.
What Is The Difference Between Thrive And Strive?
“Thrive” is a word we use to say that something is growing and developing really well. However, “strive” means that someone is making an effort to achieve something.
While both words seem to have a positive impact on someone’s future, they have different methods of achieving them. “Thrive” is related to growth, while “strive” is related to making an effort.